Plectrantus (indoor mint, homemade): types and varieties with photos and descriptions, useful properties, application

Indoor mint plectrantus is not only a beautiful, but also a useful houseplant. Caring for him does not require much effort, and the sheets can be used for a variety of purposes.

Description of plectrantus

The plectrantus plant is also called room or home mint, as well as a spur flower. Basically, plectrantus is divided into erect and falling varieties, but any species and varieties have highly branching, tetrahedral in shape shoots. The leaves of the plectrantus are closely spaced, smooth or slightly pubescent, matte or glossy, of dark and light green shades.

The plectrantus grows on average up to 60-120 cm, and the leaves can reach a length of 10 cm. In the photo of the room mint of the plectrantus, it can be seen that the leaves of the plant are ovoid, with denticles at the edges, and slightly resemble nettle leaves.

How does plectrantus bloom

Homemade mint produces recognizable corolla-shaped flowers with one lip bent up and the other pointing down. In the heart of the flower there are 4 stamens of different lengths. In shade, the flowers can be pale blue, lilac, blue or almost white - the color depends on the variety.

Plectrantus usually blooms from late spring to late summer. The flowers of home mint do not represent any particular decorative value, however, a fully blossoming plant looks attractive on a room windowsill.

Important! When growing plectrantus for medicinal purposes, flowers are often cut off immediately after they appear, since they take a lot of strength and valuable resources from the plant.

What is the aroma of homemade mint

Interestingly, the smell of plectrantus is usually only slightly reminiscent of mint. Most often, flower growers note that the pounded leaves smell like lungwort, camphor or chewing gum with notes of menthol.

Varieties and types of plectrantus

Indoor mint is available in many varieties. Among themselves, the varieties differ in color and size, as well as a shade of flowers and a pattern on the leaves.


The variety is very popular and is well suited for indoor cultivation. In height, the coleus-shaped plectrantus reaches 1 m in adulthood and with good care.The plant produces abundant branched shoots with pubescence and fleecy leaves up to 8 cm in length. The edge of the leaves is indented, crenate.

For some varieties of Coleus Plectrantus, an unusual pattern on the leaves is characteristic. A whitish edging runs along their edge, beautifully emphasizing the green color of the leaf plates.

Ertendahl (Oertendahlii)

Plectrantus Ertendal is well suited for indoor cultivation, since it has a rather compact size. Its creeping stems reach an average of about 40 cm in length.

The leaves of the plant are small, about 6 cm long, brownish-green, broadly ovate and rounded at the ends. On the outside of the leaves there are noticeable whitish stripes, and on the underside the leaves are covered with reddish villi. A photo of Ertendal's plectrantus shows that it blooms with pale lilac or white flowers, 3 mm each.

Southern (Australis)

Southern plectrantus is particularly unpretentious in cultivation, therefore it is often chosen as a home plant. The stems of the roommint are long and drooping, so the southern ampelous plectrantus is often grown in hanging pots. The leaf plates of the plant are rounded, on long petioles, smooth and glossy. The leaves are rich green in color.

A photo of southern plectrantus demonstrates that the shade of flowers depends on a particular variety. The plant has a faint smell - if you rub the leaves with your fingers, the aroma will be felt very weakly.

Felt (Hadiensis)

Felt plectrantus grows to a large size - about 75 cm in height. The stems of the plant are slightly drooping, the main shoot may woody with age. The leaf plates of felt plectrantus are fleshy and dim green, of a standard broad-ovate shape.

Shoots and leaves of felt plectrantus are covered with light pubescence. The plant usually blooms with purple flowers, and if you allow home mint to be abundantly covered with blossoming buds, it will acquire a very decorative look.

Whorled (Verticillatus)

The whorled appearance is quite different from most varieties of plectranthus. The stems of the plant have a crimson color, which clearly distinguishes indoor mint. In the photo of the plectrantus plant, it can be seen that the leaves of the whorled plectrantus are of a standard shape, ovoid, with blunt tops and rather wide, green in color.

On the upper side, the leaves may be covered with white pubescence, which gives them a slightly silvery hue. And on the underside of the leaf plates, red veins on the surface of the leaf are well pronounced.

Ernst, or caudex (Ernestii)

Plectrantus Ernst is a small representative of house mint and grows on average up to 50 cm in height. The stems of the plant are erect, in adult house mint they can be lignified. In the lower part, the shoots form rounded thickenings with age.

The leaves of Ernst's caudex plectrantus are green, of the usual broad-ovoid shape, matte and with slight pubescence on the surface. During flowering, indoor mint produces lilac blue or white flowers.


This variety of house mint is an upright species and produces long brownish shoots. The leaves of room mint are wide, ovoid, with blunt teeth along the edge. On the front side, the leaf plates are dark green and glossy, and on the lower surface they are purple and slightly pubescent.

Homemade Mona Lavender mint produces light purple small flowers with blue specks. The view is considered quite decorative - if you allow the plectrantus to bloom properly, it will become a decoration for the room.

Fragrant (Amboinicus)

Fragrant or fragrant indoor mint can grow up to 2 m in natural conditions, but when grown at home usually grows up to a maximum of 1 m. The shoots of the plant are straight or slightly drooping, green in color.

The leaf plates of fragrant house mint are wide, rounded and slightly elongated, with a jagged edge. Slight pubescence is present on the petioles and on the lower surface. Fragrant indoor mint blooms with pale blue small flowers, a characteristic feature of the species is a fairly strong and bright aroma.


Plectrantus oakleaf refers to upright species and has a non-standard shape of sheet plates. Unlike most varieties, the oak-leaved plectranthus leaves are not ovoid, but very similar to oak, only much fleshy and with a silvery edge on the upper side.

The smell of oaky plectrantus is also quite unusual. If you rub a leaf of a plant in your fingers, you can feel a pronounced coniferous aroma - there are few menthol notes in the smell of homemade mint.

Shrub (Fruticosus)

Indoor mint of this species reaches 1 m in height, the shoots of the plant are slightly pubescent, and the leaves are wide, oval with a pointed tip and rather long, up to 10 cm in length.

Shrub plectrantus blooms with light blue small flowers, while both leaves and flowers emit a pungent odor with distinct menthol notes. This is the reason for the second name of the plant - molar tree. The fact is that bushy homemade mint perfectly repels moths and other insects that cannot tolerate a sharp mint aroma.

Foster or variegated (Fosteri)

Variegated plectrantus from Southeast India is distinguished by its unpretentiousness to conditions and rapid growth. It is often used in indoor growing and is used to decorate front gardens and balconies. The species belongs to horizontal plectranthus, the shoots of the plant fall down and can reach 1 m in length.

The green oval leaves of the plant are covered with small villi with large, uneven white spots on their surface. Foster's plectrantus blooms with white small flowers.

Troy's Cold

An unusual variety of roommint is Troy Gold. The shoots of the plant are erect, brown-brown and woody as they grow. Housemint leaves have a standard rounded-elongated shape, the denticles along the edges of the plectrantus are weakly expressed.

The main feature of the variety is the color of the leaves - in the Gold of Troy they are bright yellow, with a dark green pattern in the middle of the leaf. The flowers of the plectrantus are small and white, rather inconspicuous, but even without them, the variety is considered very decorative in indoor cultivation due to the pattern on the leaves.

Coleus Blumei

Plectrantus Blum can grow up to 85 cm even at home with good care. The shoots of the plant are straight, closer to the roots they woody with age. Plectrantus leaves are matte and velvety, emerald green, with an elongated pointed tip and a serrated edge.

Different varieties of Bloom's plectrantus can have green, patterned and even crimson leaves. In home cultivation, the plant looks very decorative, which is especially important, given the rather inconspicuous flowering of room mint.

Ciliated (Ciliatus)

Creeping ciliate plectrantus reaches an average of about 60 cm in length and has pubescent purple shoots. The leaves of the plant are green, elliptical or ovoid in shape, also with pubescence on the outside. The underside of the leaf plates is usually of a purple hue; hairs are also present, but only closer to the edge of the leaf.

Plectrantus ciliated blooms with white or pale lilac flowers, both single and in small racemes. The decorativeness of a flowering plant is low, like most types of room mint.


Indoor mint of this species grows on average up to 35 cm under indoor conditions. The stems of a plant at a young age are straight, then slightly bent down, at the roots they can become lignified.

The leaves of blushing housemint are velvety, oblong with denticles at the edges, dark green in the upper part and lighter on the lower surface. The leaf plates are dotted with a red-orange pattern; a reddish border also runs along the edge, which explains the name.


Plectrantus of the Nico variety belongs to the drooping varieties of room mint and is distinguished by especially large leaves - up to 10 cm in length. A characteristic feature of the variety is the purple tint of the lower part of the leaf. In the upper part, the leaves of house mint are dark green, glossy, with a well-defined relief and fleshy.

In home breeding, Nico plectrantus looks quite decorative. However, there are some difficulties associated with caring for the plant - homemade mint is sensitive to the watering regime and reacts negatively to a lack of moisture.

Other varieties of plectranthus

In addition to these types, there are other popular varieties of home mint. Their brief description will allow you to understand the main features and differences.


This houseplant can grow up to 75 cm in height. The shoots of house mint are slightly falling, lignify with age, the leaves are usually light green in color and with pubescence. Plectrantus Tomentosa blooms with purple small flowers.


The houseplant has irregular carved leaves that look more like oak than mint leaves. Plectrantus is characterized by a pronounced spruce-lemon scent with faint notes of incense.


This species is divided into many varieties with a wide variety of leaf shades. Variegated home mint can have a yellow, bluish, silvery or burgundy shade of leaf plates, often a beautiful pattern is visible on the leaves.


As the name of the species implies, the leaves of the plant are silvery-gray, large. In the shade, the silvery hue becomes rather gray, so keeping indoor mint is best on the sunny side.

Useful properties of plectrantus roommint

Regardless of the type and variety, indoor mint has a number of useful properties. It contains glycosides and alkaloids, phenols and organic acids, essential oils and tannins.

Therefore, indoor mint has the following properties:

  • relieves inflammation;
  • calms the nervous system;
  • has a diuretic effect;
  • relieves itching;
  • improves blood circulation;
  • helps with headaches.

The properties of room mint are also used for pain relief.

Application of plectrantus roommint

Indoor mint is grown not only for decorative purposes. Its leaves are used to treat diseases and for aromatherapy, to prepare sedatives and to relieve inflammation.

In folk medicine

On the basis of the leaves of the houseplant plectrantus, many home remedies with medicinal properties are made. Decoctions and tinctures on mint leaves are used to treat:

  • insomnia and chronic stress;
  • irritable bowel;
  • cough and bronchitis;
  • flatulence and diarrhea.

Also, mint has a beneficial effect on asthma, kidney, liver and bladder diseases, rheumatism and other joint ailments. Mint leaves can be applied to irritations and lesions on the skin - plectrantus disinfects tissues and promotes healing.

Is it possible to use homemade mint plectrantus

Plectrantus leaves are consumed internally in the form of decoctions, infusions and teas; in small quantities, roommint is beneficial. However, you need to carefully monitor the dosages.

How to brew and drink tea with plectrantus

On the basis of plectrantus leaves, it is easiest to prepare a healing tea. There are 2 main brewing methods:

  • 2 small spoons of crushed dry leaves are poured into a teapot, then poured with hot water and infused for 10 minutes;
  • 1 small spoonful of dried mint is added to the same amount of usual tea leaves, the collection is poured with boiling water and brewed for 15-20 minutes.
Important! Drinking more than 2 cups of peppermint tea a day is not recommended - this can lead to drowsiness or a sharp drop in blood pressure.

Limitations and contraindications

While plectrantus leaves are very beneficial, there are some limitations to keep in mind. It is contraindicated to use indoor mint:

  • during pregnancy and lactation;
  • with a tendency to dermatitis and with increased skin sensitivity;
  • if you are allergic to mint;
  • with varicose veins and a tendency to thrombosis;
  • with hypotension.

It is not recommended to offer tea from plectrantus to children under 10 years of age.

How plectrantus reproduces

There are several ways to propagate a plectrantus flower at home. Each of them has its own advantages and weaknesses:

  1. Cuttings. You can use this method at any time of the year - several cuttings about 7 cm long are separated from an adult plant, the lower leaves are removed and placed in water with the root added to it. Then the shoots are rooted in a soil consisting of peat and sand, and placed on a warm sunny windowsill. After a few weeks, with moderate watering, the cuttings will give roots. After the growth appears, the tops need to be pinched and then transplanted into separate pots.
  2. Division of the bush. If indoor mint has grown a lot, then in the spring you can simply divide an adult bush. To do this, dig it out of the pot and cut the rhizome into pieces with a sharp knife. The slices are sprinkled with activated carbon or ash to avoid rotting, the cuttings are planted in separate pots. You need to take care of the delenki in the same way as for adult plectrantus bushes.
  3. Seed reproduction. The seeds of an indoor plectrantus flower are sown in April or May in a sandy-peat mixture, slightly pressing them into the ground, but not sprinkling them on top. The container with seeds is placed on a sunny windowsill in a warm place with a temperature of at least 20 degrees. After the shoots appear, the plectrantus is watered moderately, keeping the soil constantly moist. It will be possible to plant shoots in a month after the emergence of shoots.

Attention! Of all the methods, cuttings are considered the most effective - the shoots of the plectrantus take root well during rooting and quickly give a new growth.

Landing rules

Planting homemade mint is best done in spring - in April or May. The pot for plectrantus should be small - in a container that is too spacious, the soil can sour.

The best for growing plectrantus is a sandy-peat mixture, which is well air-permeable and absorbing moisture, while sand and peat are mixed in equal proportions.

When transferring a purchased plectrantus to a new pot, it is necessary to transfer it along with an earthen lump. The same applies to young cuttings - they are transplanted carefully so as not to injure the roots.

If indoor mint grows indoors, then planting and replanting it is permissible throughout the year - provided that the temperature in the room is kept at least 20 ° C, and it is possible to organize good lighting.

Plectrantus care at home

It is quite simple to organize the care of the plectrantus. You need to adhere to a few basic rules of growing.


Homemade mint prefers moderate temperatures. In summer, it will feel comfortable at 22 ° C, and in winter, it is desirable to lower the temperature to 15 ° C.

Watering rules

Most housemint varieties prefer abundant watering and spraying. Plectrantus tolerates a short drought well, but with regular drying of the soil, it begins to wither. In winter, watering is recommended to be reduced to moderate so that the plant can go into a dormant state.

Top dressing

It is recommended to feed mint plectrantus in spring and summer - every 2 weeks, complex mineral fertilizers are introduced into the soil in liquid form. In winter, feeding can be stopped, but if the temperature in the room remains at 20 ° C with sufficient lighting, then it is allowed to still apply fertilizer - no more than once a month.

Possible growing problems

Violation of the rules of cultivation can lead to the fact that indoor mint begins to wither and weaken. Most often, the reasons are inadequate watering or improper lighting.

Why do plectrantus leaves turn yellow and what to do

The most common unpleasant symptom when growing roommint is yellowing of the leaves. Among the reasons are:

  • too low air temperature;
  • drying out the soil in the pot;
  • growing plectrantus in direct sunlight.

To keep the leaves of the plectrantus green and juicy, you need to keep the soil in the pot constantly moist and make sure that the plant does not freeze in drafts. Lighting should be bright, but diffused - direct rays can cause burns to leaves.

Pests and diseases

At home, pests and diseases rarely affect mint. However, it can suffer from spider mites, aphids and scale insects, root rot, and downy mildew.

When pests appear, the leaves of the plant are treated with a solution of laundry soap or special insecticides for garden and indoor plants. If the plant has suffered from fungal ailments, it is necessary to revise the watering regime. They fight against the rot that has appeared with the help of Bordeaux liquid or fungicides, for example, Horus, Topaz and others.

How to properly harvest homemade mint leaves

Harvesting leaves for medicinal purposes is best done at the end of June. For harvesting, it is necessary to choose only healthy, juicy, young leaves without spots:

  1. Leaves are cut from a bush of homemade mint with a knife, rinsed in cold water and dried on a paper towel.
  2. After that, the leaves must be dried - they do it in the fresh air.
  3. First, the raw materials are dried in the shade for 4 hours, and then they are kept in the fresh air for several days at low humidity until the leaves are completely dry.
  4. It is very easy to determine that indoor mint has dried up - the leaves should not crumple, but crumble under the fingers.
Advice! Usually, when growing plectrantus for medicinal purposes, its buds are cut off at the very beginning of flowering, so that all the nutrients are delivered to the leaves of the plant.

Signs and superstitions associated with plectrantus

Homemade mint is believed to promote financial well-being in the home. According to popular beliefs, the cultivation of plectranthus attracts luck, wealth and money.

Also superstitions say that the very presence of room mint in the house normalizes the emotional atmosphere. The plant drives away bad thoughts and bad dreams, helps to extinguish quarrels between household members.


Indoor mint plectrantus is a useful and beautiful plant, represented by dozens of different varieties. It is very easy to grow mint at home, it requires minimal care.

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