Growing pomegranate at home in a pot

Pomegranate is the fruit of the pomegranate tree, which has been known since ancient times. It was called the "imperial fruit" in the territory of the palaces of Rome, it was also called the "grainy apple" because of its unusual structure. Growing a pomegranate from a seed at home is associated with certain difficulties, but a completely doable task.

Is it possible to grow a pomegranate from a seed

When asked whether it is possible to grow pomegranate from a seed at home, the answer depends on many components of the process. For cultivation, you should choose suitable fruits, as well as observe the conditions for cultivation.

Many collectors of exotic plants practice growing decorative pomegranates at home. This means that the tree does not produce edible fruit, but possesses the characteristic features of the pomegranate. The process of cultivating an ornamental species differs in many ways and is the cultivation of a conventional indoor plant.

The pomegranate tree from the seed begins to bear fruit at home, subject to all the rules, and also, depending on the type of seed material. There are subtleties here:

  • planting material purchased in nurseries bears fruit in the 3rd year after planting;
  • seeds and grains from pomegranates purchased at the market or supermarket - in the 7th year of existence.

Choosing a variety for growing pomegranate in a pot

The type of ordinary pomegranate, which is subjected to cultivation in specially designated areas, has several different varietal varieties:

  • Azerbaijan variety Gulosha... Fruits of this variety have a thin skin, juicy and dense grains. They are characterized as sweet and sour with a predominance of acid;
  • Nikitinsky early... It is distinguished by large, juicy and sweet fruits;
  • Dwarf... Home growing of a dwarf pomegranate from seeds allows you to get fruits weighing up to 100 g;
  • Bala mursal... This variety with fruits growing up to 500 g. Growing such a pomegranate at home will be long and problematic.

Conditions for growing pomegranate from a stone at home

The ideal picture that arises in the imagination at the mention of growing a pomegranate from a seed at home draws the morning when you can go to the pot, pick a ripe fruit, break it and enjoy the taste. In this case, you can simply eat grains, add them to salads, desserts, make juice and much more. The use of the fruit is diverse, and its beneficial properties are undeniable.

Growing from seeds is a long and laborious process. After planting, pomegranates need to create optimal conditions. Special attention is paid to temperature conditions. At each stage of growing pomegranate from seeds, the regime should be different.

Development stage

Optimum temperature


From +20 ° C, but not higher than +25 ° C.

Fruit formation

+16 ° C to +20 ° C.

Dormant period

+10 ° C or +12 ° C.

When the air temperature drops to –5 ° C, the pomegranate will freeze and stop growing. When the temperature rises above +25 ° C, the plant reacts with foliage falling.In addition, pomegranate sheds its leaves in the fall, as it is a deciduous crop. During the rest period, pomegranate pots can be on glazed verandas or balconies. Pomegranate perfectly tolerates a change in its place of growth.

In order to maintain the temperature regime during cultivation, it is necessary to provide measures to reduce the air temperature, provided that there is heating in winter and autumn.

Important! Air humidity should not be increased, while dry air provokes the development of fungal diseases.

Planting a pomegranate from a stone at home is associated with exposure to artificial light and control of natural light. A pomegranate needs about 12 hours of daylight to develop. In winter, artificial lighting is installed. In summer, sheet plates must be protected from direct exposure to rays in order to prevent burns.

When grown at home from seeds, pomegranates need additional feeding during the growing season. They are brought in according to a pre-established scheme:

  • in spring - mineral complexes with a high nitrogen content;
  • in summer - with mixtures with a high content of potassium and phosphorus.

For pomegranate, mixtures are used intended for flower crops with a high potassium content.

Attention! During the dormant period, pomegranates are not fed.

Watering for a home pomegranate is carried out in compliance with all requirements. Overflows and droughts are dangerous for this type of indoor trees:

  • during the spring period, excluding the dormant stage, pomegranates are watered once a week;
  • the reason for the next irrigation should be the condition of the topsoil: with complete drying, crusting and clumping, watering is required.

In the early stages of pomegranate growth, the ground and the tree are sprayed from a spray bottle, then they begin to water with a watering can with a diffuser so as not to wash out the soil with pressure.

Humidity is increased by additionally spraying air next to the pomegranate, as well as placing containers filled with water around the pot.

How to grow pomegranate from seed

The step-by-step cultivation of pomegranate from the seed begins with the selection of soil and capacity. The process of tree development depends on this.

Landing capacity

For planting a pomegranate, choose a shallow pot with a narrow base and expansion towards the top. For planting seeds, a plastic container may be a suitable option, but when purchasing a clay pot, you can solve several problems at once. The clay pot is able to absorb excess moisture due to the characteristics of the material. It is undesirable to purchase pots made of wood. At this stage of development, dishes are chosen, which, possibly later, with an increase in the root system, can be replaced with a large one.

Containers for planting pomegranates take into account the need to create a drainage layer. They must also be fitted with drainage holes. In this case, the pot should have a low pallet.

Soil for pomegranate at home

The soil for natural growth of wild pomegranate may be scarce and devoid of moisture, but this option will not work for the home. The soil is chosen according to several criteria:

  1. The lower drainage part consists of expanded clay or vermiculite. It is laid in a layer of at least 5-6 cm. Drainage at home is an important agricultural technique. It allows you to control the amount of moisture, reduces the possibility of overflows, absorbing excess.
  2. The main part can consist of loam, peat and sand. The ratio of the components should make the soil loose, water and moisture permeable.

One of the options is a versatile substrate that is used for flowering plants.

Preparing seeds for planting

When answering the question of how to grow pomegranate from a stone at home, gardeners are invited to consider the process step by step. It starts with the correct preparation of the planting material.In this case, the purchased pomegranate must meet the basic requirements: not to have any damage and to be of a sufficient degree of maturity.

  1. Cut the pomegranate, peel the contents.
  2. The grains are peeled, carefully removing the pulp. The result should be light-colored seeds without pink-red flesh particles.
  3. The grains are washed under a gentle pressure of warm water.
  4. For 12 hours, it is poured with a solution of a growth biostimulator for soaking.

How to plant a pomegranate from a bone

Planting pomegranate seeds is carried out according to the established scheme. Moisten the soil with warm, settled water, loosen its upper part. The seeds are buried 1.5 cm, with the sharp part down. Too deep penetration can lead to inhibition of rooting, shallow planting can cause slow emergence of shoots. In order not to be mistaken with planting a pomegranate from a bone at home, experts recommend watching a photo or video of planting.

After placing the planting material, the containers are tightened with plastic wrap or covered with glass. After that, they are left for rooting on a windowsill with sufficient light.

Seedling care

When the first shoots appear, the additional shelter is removed and left on a lighted windowsill. So that the sprouts sprout evenly, do not stretch out and do not stop growing, there should be enough light for the containers.

The soil is sprayed with warm water from a spray bottle. When 2 - 3 true leaves grow, a mandatory pick is carried out, the seedlings are transplanted. The transplant containers should be 2 - 4 cm larger than the previous ones. Weak shoots are removed. When the 4th pair of leaves appears, the top is pinched so that the young tree is stronger. At the first appearance of flowers, they are removed, since the pomegranate will not be able to set fruits due to insufficient maturity and will lose strength.

How many pomegranates sprout

The timing of emergence depends on when the seeds were sown. Spring and autumn plantings can sprout in 14 to 20 days. With winter planting, the timing increases. At the end of two months, it should be recognized that the grains have not sprouted.

What does a pomegranate sprout look like?

Pomegranate shoots in appearance to many resemble ordinary vegetable sprouts. As they grow, they stretch out, forming a thin but dense main stem with symmetrically growing leaf plates.

When to transplant seed-grown pomegranate

The basic rule when growing pomegranates is the regularity of transplants. Up to 4 - 5 years, the tree is transplanted annually. To do this, choose a more spacious container, taking into account the peculiarities of the structure of the tree.

The first transplant takes place in spring or autumn when the plant reaches 15 cm in height and there are 8 pairs of leaves. This will be a transplant of a mature, rooted, strong tree. For her, a transshipment method is chosen so as not to disturb the root system. The sprout is transferred to a new drainage part with a clod of earth, without straightening or cutting the roots.

Attention! Mature trees are transplanted no more than 1 time in 4 years.

Will pomegranate grown from seed bear fruit?

Subject to the basic rules for caring, pomegranates grown from a stone at home will bear fruit in the 5th - 7th year of existence. The exact timing depends on the variety and numerous additional factors.

Flowering in the first year of growing pomegranate from seeds indicates that the plant is strong enough. But for further fruiting, the flowers are removed. In the second year, up to 3 ovaries are left, focusing on the size of the tree. In the third year, if the left ovaries are increased to 5 - 6. This is one of the features of growing pomegranate at home.


Growing a pomegranate from a stone at home is associated with certain difficulties. The tree needs additional and constant lighting to grow. In addition, it can be difficult for gardeners to expose a special temperature regime for termination.The expectation of fruiting is delayed for several years. But the appearance of fruits becomes a real holiday. The advantage of growing pomegranates at home is the ability to get useful fruits without the addition of industrial chemical additives.

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